The Renewable Energy against Pollution: Legal Protection
Article By : Dhouha Ayed
Abstract Renewable energy generation methods have become a need rather than a choice, with the goal of protecting the environment by reducing pollutant concentrations. Indeed, by recognizing the Sustainable Development Goals’ strategies for a sustainable Renewable Energy Efficiency in order to promote private-sector investment and liberalize constraints governing the production of clean energy technologies, the Tunisian Legal Protection has clearly recognized the right to a healthy and balanced environment. Les formes de production d’énergie renouvelable sont devenues une nécessité plutôt qu’une option, dans le but de préserver l’environnement grâce à une réduction estimative de la pollution. le droit à un environnement sain et équilibré par la reconnaissance des stratégies des objectifs de développement durable en faveur de l’efficacité énergétique durable et renouvelable, afin de promouvoir l’investissement sectoriel et la libéralisation des contraintes qui régissent la production de technologies énergétiques propres. Keywords: Renewable Energy, Sustainable Development Goals, Tunisian Legal Protection, Environmental law Introduction: All energy sources have an effect on the environment in some way. By most counts, fossil fuels coal, oil, and natural gas do far more harm than renewable energy sources including air and water pollution, public health damage, wildlife or habitat loss, water use, land use, and global warming emissions. However, Renewable energy sources, including wind, solar, geothermal, biomass, and hydropower, have environmental consequences, some of which are major. Over the next 20 years, policymakers, corporate leaders, and government officials will be required “to invest $2.5 trillion on electricity generation. Renewable energy sources generate 90-99% fewer greenhouse gases and create 70-90 % less pollution when compared to coalfired power plants” . Furthermore, using renewable energy sources instead of fossil fuels and coals could help reduce environmental effects like air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Regardless, each method of generating power has its own set of consequences. In order to achieve a lowcarbon future, we must first comprehend the electricity-generating impacts of diverse renewable energy sources. Tunisia’s diverse economic sectors rely heavily on the energy sector. However, over the last two decades, the country has experienced a growing energy balance deficit, owing to its reliance on fossil fuels oil, and natural gas to meet its increased energy demand. The Tunisian policy reform, The Significant Law of 2015-12 of 11 May 2015 on the production of electricity from renewable energy sources, was not far from this Evolution towards Energy usage. It encourages individual businesses to develop and use renewable energy. In May 2019, the Tunisian Parliament passed a bill to improve the business climate by allowing businesses to form separate special-purpose corporations dedicated entirely to power generating. As a result of this regulatory adjustment, businesses can now generate power for their own consumption at more competitive prices. As long-term objectives, the goal was to raise renewable energy consumption to 30% of total power capacity by 2030 in relation to the Agenda 2030 of UNFCC of 1992 . In the medium term, the goal was to include the Application of Sustainable Development goals towards a sustainable efficient Renewable energy power. The formal legal recognition of energy efficiency as a national priority and the most crucial component of a long-term development strategy is the 2004-72 Law of August 2, 2004, on the cost-effective use of energy. It lays out three key goals: energy conservation, renewable energy promotion, and the development of new types of energy, all of which contribute to cutting costs while also benefiting the national economy and the environment.